How to solve problems effectively

How to Solve Problems Effectively

You encounter problems as you breathe, but you don’t feel the impact until they become concerns, sorrows, complications, or affect your day-to-day life. Your problems can clog your life wheels, depending on their magnitude. 

You can’t utilize your full potential to overcome your issues if you fail to identify their root causes and implement appropriate ways to deal with them. Although problems vary from person to person, some of the common issues people encounter in their daily lives are:

  • Financial crisis
  • Health crisis
  • Relationship and family
  • Workplace issues
  • Career pressure
  • Friendship problems
  • Unfair treatment
  • Confusion, emptiness, and boredom
  • Safety and security
  • Stress, depression, and anxiety 
How to solve problems effectively - the monk mindset

Everyone has different problems in their life. Sometimes, you can quickly resolve issues without experiencing much trouble. You come up with an effective solution or use a strategy that has worked in the past. 

For instance, if you slept at 1:00 AM and woke up late in the morning, you can call your office and explain your situation. That way, you inform your boss or manager and give details about what happened last night. 

However, some problems are more challenging because there is no obvious solution or strategy to resolve them. So, this can take a massive toll on your physical health and mental wellbeing, leading to stress, depression, confusion, or anxiety. Today’s article will answer: how to analyze and solve problems effectively. Read on!  

Identify the Problem 

According to Psyche Study, it is crucial to realize that there is a problem. Because your life problems can cause stress and anxiety, you may ignore, avoid, or procrastinate when dealing with severe issues.

Ignoring your problems can give you temporary relief, but they can lead to bigger issues over time. Therefore, you must recognize a problem early before it becomes a significant complication and disrupts your day-to-day life. 

Make a List 

Research shows that making a list of problems helps you stay organized, make priorities, delegate better, and follow a step-by-step approach to resolve them. The purpose is to achieve peace of mind by getting in the habit of writing out a list of issues. 

It is easier to work on an issue if you have written your thoughts and feelings about it. It is a proactive or preventative approach that allows you to see how you can avoid a specific problem that comes up again and again. 

When a problem causes stress or anxiety, it is wise to use a pen/paper and note your thoughts and feelings. You can deal with the situation if you have written it down in front of you. 

Focus on Your Feelings

Many people think that negative emotions are the problem. However, this is a misconception. For instance, you may think, “the issue is that I always feel stressed at the workplace.” 

However, it is more accurate to say that there is an issue at work, such as experiencing professional jealousy from your coworkers, a massive workload, or the inability to complete tasks on time. Which problem makes you feel anxious and stressed?

According to Very Well Mind, negative emotions, such as anger, confusion, fear, stress, and frustration, are natural responses to unfavourable external stimuli. If you avoid your emotions and feelings, you will feel more pressure, leading to major depressive disorders. 

Therefore, it is wise to avoid denying your emotions and find effective ways to manage them, such as mindfulness and meditation. You can use your negative feelings to guide you. When you feel stressed, anxious, confused, annoyed, or frustrated in a particular situation, find the issue that makes you feel that way. 

Find the Challenge

A massive hindrance for most people is that they look at their problems in a negative way. You see yourself as an ineffective problem-solver if you see it entirely threatening or a sign of failure. Remember, making your problem a sign of weakness is directly proportional to increased stress and the inability to resolve the issue. 

Even if you have good problem-solving skills, you can’t deal with it when you don’t see any benefits. However, when you find an opportunity or benefit in a difficult situation, you are more likely to work on it. 

For instance, if your issue is social anxiety and not getting along with colleagues at the office, you can improve your communication skills, undergo psychotherapy, and practise mindfulness techniques to resolve the issue and get along with your coworkers. 

A 2019 research study concludes that mindfulness meditation can reduce stress, anxiety, emotional reactivity and improve your focus. It can also enhance your brain’s ability to suppress distracting information. 

Meditation can regulate your emotions, increase distress tolerance levels, and boost your interpersonal effectiveness. Not only does meditation balance your behaviour, but it also improves your cognitive abilities. 

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Ask Yourself Questions 

Define your problem before trying to solve it. Focus on the issue itself is an excellent way to streamline the problem-solving process. So, ask yourself the following questions to narrow down the details and save yourself time. 

  • What is the problem? (For example, my manager gives me more work, and I can’t complete it before the deadline). 
  • What is the solution to this problem? (I want my manager to give me less work and allocate projects that align with my skills). 
  • What is the stumbling block that keeps me from achieving my goals? (I don’t know how to convey my message to the manager about my work-related problems). 

When you ask yourself these questions, you can put your problem into a single sentence. For example, the problem is that my manager overburdens me with too much work; I want to do less work or fewer tasks to maintain my productivity, but I am unsure how to ask the manager to reduce my workload. 

However, when you define the problem, make sure you avoid putting assumptions and opinions into it. For instance, thinking that your work-related issue is that “My manager is a stupid person” is your opinion. So, this attitude or mindset will make the problem impossible to solve. 

That’s why you have to stay specific and concrete when defining your problem. If you are too vague, you won’t even know where to begin solving the issue. Thinking that “my problem is my workload” is not concrete and specific. So, think about the root cause of the problem that hinders your productivity and does not let you complete the task before the deadline. 

Set Goals for Your Problem 

Research shows setting goals for your problem is an effective way to analyze it, allowing you to delve deep into the details and gain valuable insights. If you want to know whether you have resolved the issue, it is crucial to know ahead of time what a fixed issue would look like? Follow the tips given below to set goals for your problem. 

Stay Realistic 

Have you heard of S.M.A.R.T goals for problem-solving? S.M.A.R.T stands for specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and timely goals. The S.M.A.R.T system gives you a sense of direction and enables you to divide your goals into smaller objectives. 

So, make sure your goals for the problem are achievable and realistic. If your goals are unrealistic, you won’t achieve them, making you feel more stressed and annoyed. For instance, if your goal is to avoid working diligently at the office, you won’t solve your problem. 


If you have vague goals, you won’t know when you will reach them. For example, if you think, “my goal is to stay happy at the office,” what does this mean? Do you want to stay happy all the time? If yes, how happy? When will you know you have reached this particular goal? 

A specific goal for your problem is well-defined and unambiguous. At the same time, you have to develop measurable goals. The purpose is to measure your progress, identify weak points in your strategy, and work toward achieving the goal. 


When you set goals you can reach relatively quickly, you can effectively work on your problem. Although you can set long-term goals, you can become directionless if there is a complex action plan. 

On the other hand, short-term goals are realistic and achievable. For example, a long-term plan for your office problem is quitting your job and finding another one. Remember, finding another job is a daunting and time-consuming task. 

In contrast, a short-term goal for the same problem is to reduce your workload. You can achieve this goal quickly than the long-term goal. Therefore, dividing your goal into smaller objectives is the key to success. 

Related Post: 12 Steps How To Be More Disciplined and Control Your Life

Follow the Rules of Brainstorming 

When developing solutions for their problems, the biggest mistake people make is to think about the traditional solutions or the ones they have already tried. Although you can use the older solutions if they have worked, you need new solutions for your problem to mitigate risks and achieve your goals. Follow these brainstorming rules to optimize the process. 

How to solve problems effectively - the monk mindset

  1. Plan a lot of Solutions 

Focusing on a single solution is not a good idea because each solution has its own downsides. You are more likely to develop a sophisticated solution when you have various options to choose from, so come up with at least 5-10 possible solutions for your issue. 

  1. Avoid Judging Your Solutions 

Don’t judge your solution because you haven’t chosen it yet. You are just trying to brainstorm as many options as possible, so it is wise not to judge your solutions. Whatever solution comes to your mind, write it down on paper. You can write about the silly ones. 

For instance, you may think of solutions like “organize a strike in the office” or “quit my job.” Although these solutions seem bizarre, we recommend writing them down. Remember, you will never develop new solutions if you don’t think about the silly ones. 

  1. Focus on Variety 

Ensure you develop unique solutions, meaning all of them must have marked differences. For instance, there is not much variety in your solutions if you come up with something like “ask my manager to have lunch with me,” “ask my manager to have a cup of coffee with me,” or “ask my manager to have dinner together.” 

These are three solutions, but there is not much variety because they are familiar and serve a specific purpose – i.e., to ask your manager to communicate or interact with you in a social setting to discuss your problems. 

  1. Be Specific 

Your solutions must involve general strategies but specific behaviours. For instance, “giving my manager a list of all the tasks I am working on” is very specific than a solution “I should be more assertive with my manager.” The former is ethical, standard, and moral, and the latter is absurd and complex. 

So, if you pick the latter solution, you are more likely to create new problems for yourself. For example, when you choose the second option, you will figure out how to act assertively with your manager. 

Decide a Solution 

If you experience stress or struggle with depression, picking a solution to your problem can become pretty challenging. However, not solving the problem can increase your stress levels and drain your mental energy. Therefore, solving it is an appropriate way to deal with your problem, no matter how stressed you feel. Ask yourself: 

  • Is the solution adequate to fix my problem?
  • Can this solution help me reach and achieve my goals?
  • How much time do I need to enhance the solution further?
  • Does it require resources and information? 
  • Will the solution makes me feel more stressed? 

Make an Action Plan

Making an action plan is usually the most challenging part of the entire process because it requires you to carry out the solution you chose for your problem. Many people with mental instability, such as those who have obsessive-compulsive disorder, fear that they might have chosen the wrong solution. 

Remember, this is not helpful thinking because this will further drain your brain energy and cause complications. So, it is better to act than do nothing! Make an action plan to carry out your solution. 

When you know how to carry out the solution, you are one step closer to fixing the issue. For instance, if your solution to the work-related problem is “get a new job,” your action plan are more likely to contain the following steps: 

  • Create a list of all the job positions that align with my experience and skills 
  • Check online job portals and third-party websites for ads 
  • Contact professionals on LinkedIn to get referrals or recommendations 
  • Spruce up my resume and cover letter to increase the chances of landing on the job
  • Prepare for the interview and rearrange my work schedule, so I go to the interviews on time 

How To Solve Problems Effectively

Everyday life problems, health issues, financial instability, etc., are part of life. Remember, life is unpredictable, meaning you can experience problems unexpectedly and at any time. Sometimes, the best solutions do not work, making people feel unfortunate. 

However, this does not mean you quit and does not resolve the issue. The best way is to recycle through different steps and rectify your solution. You can also come up with another and better solution. Follow the strategies given above to solve your problems and achieve peace of mind. Until Next Time! 

Don’t forget to check out 100 Mental Models. Learn how to improve brain cognition, think critically and improve your outlook on life.

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